Since 1992, after the
collapse of the Soviet Union and the formation of the CIS, bilateral relations between
Russia and Belarus have
been growing within this organisation.
In accordance with the Treaty
establishing the Community of Russia and Belarus it was decided to create a
politically and economically integrated community in order to consolidate the material
and intellectual potentials of the two states.
The Treaty establishing the
Community of Russia and Belarus proposed the creation of a representative body.
On 29 April 1996, in St. Petersburg,
the heads of the Parliaments of both states signed the Agreement on the
In Moscow, on 2 April 1997,
the Presidents of Belarus and Russia signed the Treaty on the Union of Belarus
and Russia. Since then, the 2 April has been celebrated as the Day of Unity of
the Peoples of Belarus and Russia.
On 23 May 1997 the Charter
of the Union of Belarus and Russia was signed.
In accordance with the
Charter, the Supreme Council and the Executive Committee were established in
The Parliamentary Assembly
of the Community was transformed into the Parliamentary Assembly of the Union
of Belarus and Russia.
During 1997-1998 the executive bodies and common
budget of the Union were established and the first Union programmes were
developed and implemented; the Border Committee, Customs Committee and Security
Committee were formed.
In January 1998 the Treaty
on the United Television and Radio Broadcasting Organisation of the Union was
On 25 December 1998 the
Presidents signed the Declaration on the Further Unification of Belarus and
Russia, the Treaty on the Equal Rights of Citizens and the Agreement on the Creation
of Equal Conditions for Business Entities.
In Moscow, on 8 December 1999,
the Treaty on the Creation of a Union State was signed, and the Programme of
Actions of the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation on the
Implementation of the Treaty was adopted.
This Treaty came into
effect after its ratification by the Parliaments of the two states on 26